History of Cel Animation

A cel, short for celluloid, is a transparent sheet on which objects are drawn or painted for traditional, hand-drawn animation.
Generally, the characters are drawn on cels in-reverse and laid over a static background drawing, then inverted when the composite frame is being captured by camera.
Disney studios stopped using cels in 1990 when Computer Animation Production System (CAPS) replaced this element in their animation process.


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